About Prague

Czech "Praha", pronounced /'praha/, it is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic and the fourteenth-largest city in the European Union. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to approximately 1.5 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million.
The city has a temperate oceanic climate with warm summers and chilly winters.

Prague has seen a lot during its 1,100-year existence. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the Gothic and Renaissance eras, Prague was the seat of two Holy Roman Emperors and thus then also the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. It was an important city in the Habsburg Monarchy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire and after World War I became the capital of Czechoslovakia. The city played major roles in the Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years' War and both World Wars and the post-war Communist era.

of the capital city of Prague ranks among the most significant monuments of cultural heritage in the world, much of which survived the violence and destruction of twentieth century Europe. The main attractions include the Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square (with famous Astronomical Clock on Old Town City Hall), Jewish Quarter, John Lennon's Wall, Vyšehrad, Wenceslas Square and Petřín hill.

Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.


The city boasts more than ten major museums, along with countless theatres, galleries, cinemas and other historical exhibits. A modern public transportation system connects the city. It is home to a wide range of public and private schools, the most notable being the Charles University. Prague is classified as a Beta+ global city according to GaWC studies, comparable to Berlin, Rome and Houston. Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination and in 2009 it welcomed more than 4.1 million international visitors. In 2011, Prague was the sixth-most-visited city in Europe.

Prague is at the heart of Europe. 53 airlines fly to 130 destinations in 52 countries from Václav Havel Airport Prague. It takes about 30 minutes to get to the city centre by public transportation. Prague also has three international railway stations and a bus station, all connected via the metro. Everything in Prague can be reached within a few minutes, often by foot. Museums, restaurants, historical monuments, relaxation and entertainment - all are literally at your doorstep. A highway network links Prague to other significant European destinations and the city is easily accessible from anywhere in the world.


Jewish town – after Jerusalem, the Jewish quarter in Prague is the the second biggest well preserved and most visited Jewish town in the world.

The Prague Jewish Town is made up of the Old Jewish cemetery (the largest Jewish cemetery in Europe), the Town Hall, the Ceremonial Hall and six synagogues: the Old-New Synagogue, the Pinkas Synagogue, the Maisel Synagogue, the Spanish Synagogue, the Klausen Synagogue and the High Synagogue. The area has been inhabited by a Jewish community since the 13th century and it underwent significant turmoil during its existence – most of the quartet was demolished at the turn of the 19th century. The Jewish Quarter is one of the best -preserved Jewish sights in Europe.

John Lennon Wall

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